Fair dealing for non-commercial research and private study
Although the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act does not clearly define the amount of original material that can be copied, the following is accepted practice:
You may make a copy for yourself or make a single copy for another person. Fair dealing does not cover the making of multiple photocopies, which can only be done under licence (if you are a member of staff), or with the permission of the copyright owner. It applies to literary, dramatic, musical, artistic or typographical works, not just text-based works.
You may reproduce limited amounts of material for the purposes of criticism, review or quotation. You must:
You may reproduce limited amounts of material for the purposes of parody, caricature and pastiche. The use must be fair to the rights holders, and this exception to copyright law cannot be overridden by contract.
If you quote, paraphrase, or copy anyone else's work, then it must be referenced and acknowledged to avoid academic plagiarism.
We have compiled a list of links to free-to-use material, under subject headings. Remember that it is still your responsibility to make sure that the content is available for re-use, and that you adhere to any terms and conditions that may apply.