In your assignments you will need to draw on the work of others to lend support to your own arguments - it is essential that you acknowledge these through citations within your text and also in your bibliography/ reference list.
Referencing allows you to distinguish your own ideas from the research you have read so that your lecturers can clearly see your understanding of a topic.
References will have 3 components
Content: This is how you use the information within your work. You may choose to paraphrase, summarise and or quote the source.
Citation: This is the brief reference within the body of your text or in your footnote immediately after the quote or summary. This refers the reader to the reference list.
Reference List: This is the full list of all the sources you have read with all the details to enable your reader to find the source themself.
Referencing is an essential part of academic work and helps you demonstrate a number of skills. It is important because:
Rather than see referencing as a chore try and view it as an opportunity to make your work more professional and also improve your grade.
There are many different styles of referencing the most common are:
The most important thing is to ensure you are consistent. Your student handbook should provide you with information and guidelines on the style your school or programme requires you to use.
The most common styles within the University are
Understanding references is also important to help you find the sources that your lecturers refer to in reading lists, lectures etc.
Below are some common examples:
Book: Cottrell, S (2013) The Study Skills Handbook Basingstoke: Palgrave
(search for the author Cottrell or the title 'The Study Skills Handbook' to find the book on Primo)
Book Chapter: Grunert, K. (2006) 'Marketing Parameters and their influence on consumer food choice' in Shepherd, R. and Raats, M. (ed.) The psychology of food choice. Wallingford: CABI Publishing, pp.161-177.
(search for the editors Shepherd and Raats or the title 'The psychology of food choice' to find the book on Primo and then navigate to the correct chapter)
Journal Article: Entwistle, N.J. (1982) 'Study skills and independent learning', Studies in Higher Education, 7:1, 65-73, DOI: 10.1080/03075078212331379321
(search for the article title 'Study skills and independent learning' or search for the journal 'Studies in Higher Education' and then find volume 7, issue 1)