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Referencing

Referencing allows you to distinguish your own ideas from the research you have read so that your lecturers can clearly see your understanding of a topic. 

References will have 3 components

Content: This is how you use the information within your work. You may choose to paraphrase, summarise and or quote the source.

Citation: This is the brief reference within the body of your text or in your footnote immediately after the quote or summary. This refers the reader to the reference list.

Reference List: This is the full list of all the sources you have read with all the details to enable your reader to find the source themself.

Referencing is an essential part of academic work and helps you demonstrate a number of skills. It is important because:

  • it demonstrates your own contribution,ideas and understanding of the topic
  • it acknowledges the research you have done and enables readers to follow up on your references
  • it demonstrates consistency and attention to detail

Rather than see referencing as a chore try and view it as an opportunity to make your work more professional and also improve your grade. 

 

There are many different styles of referencing the most common are: 

  • an author and date format
  • footnotes 
  • numbering style

The most important thing is to ensure you are consistent. Your student handbook should provide you with information and guidelines on the style your school or programme requires you to use. 

The most common styles within the University are

  • Harvard (Cite them Right) style - information on this style including how to reference different types of information is available on Cite Them Right Online.
  • Humanities (footnotes) - information on the style including how to reference different types of information is available on our Humanities Referencing Guide
  • APA 6th - information on the style including how to reference different types of information is available on our APA 6th Referencing Guide
  • APA 7th - information on the style including how to reference different types of information is available on our APA 7th Referencing Guide